This summit of the Presidents of Armenia, Byelorussia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, which are participating states of the treaty, is being held in the year of the 15th anniversary of the Treaty.
A significant progress has been made over the last year. The sides established the Parliamentary Assembly of the CSTO. This year the participating countries have achieved a consensus on a number of important issues, including a packet of documents on peacemaking activities, establishing coordination councils for emergency situations and control over illegal migration. The sides also develop interaction procedures with other international organizations including the UN, the SCO and the OSCE.
The military forces of participating countries conduct the annual operational tactical military exercises “Border”, operational preventive missions “Channel” and “Intruder”. The Interstate Commission for military and economic cooperation between CSTO member states has started its work. Different problems of joint air defense are also being considered.
The importance of this work is obvious, because of the growing conflict potential in a number of regions bordering with the Organization’s responsibility zone.
A number of threats and transnational problems are still actual, particularly, international terrorism, drug dealing, illegal migration and other.
Kazakhstan thinks the new power configuration in the region and in the world leads to the necessity of revising and transforming the existing security structures taking into account globalization, new challenges and threats to international security.
In this regard, for more effective work the Organization needs unified approaches in the area of counteraction to illegal migration. It is necessary to rethink the structure and activities of CSTO. A special attention should be paid to a clear separation of functions between the Secretariat and United Headquarter of the CSTO.
Strategic objectives of military and military technical cooperation must be supervised by the Secretariat, and applied practical tasks must be solved by the United Headquarter.
“Kazakhstan is satisfied with the results of collaboration in the framework of the CSTO. Nevertheless, in modern conditions it is necessary to adequately react to changing situation. Therefore, our interaction must be a tool of joint and effective resolution of problems. As concerns a number of modern global scale threats and challenges, our Organization must closely interact with the UN,” Kazakhstan’s President thinks.
In this regard, Kazakhstan thinks it is necessary to include ecological problems and energy matters in the number of issues that are resolved by the CSTO, because they have transnational character and directly impact on the interests of our states. The adoption of the Eurasian pact on energy supply stability will assist ensuring collective energy security.
During the CSTO session, the Heads of CSTO member states approved a variety of documents on joint peacemaking activities and agreed to develop military and economic cooperation.
The sides agreed to form two completely new auxiliary CSTO agencies, namely Coordination Council on issues of illegal migration and Coordination Council on emergency situations.
Kyrgyzstan is going to accept the CSTO rotating chairmanship in 2008. The next session will be held in Moscow in 2008.