The State Commission was established by decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan in March 2006. Its members are representatives of state authorities, leaders of acting political parties and large social unions.
Six open sittings of the State Commission have been held, and three of them were chaired by the Head of State. Besides, in order to ensure the work of the State Commission, in total more than 35 different events were held, including sittings of the working groups of the State Commission, conferences, round table talks, social debates, in the course of which the sides discussed and summarized suggestions of political parties, non-governmental organizations, scientific communities on further reformation of Kazakhstan’s political system.
A number of implemented measures on the development of political processes in Kazakhstan are a concrete result of the work of the State Commission in 2006.
As President Nursultan Nazarbaev of the country has emphasized, serious and qualitative changes are already taking place in the political system of the country. Particularly, a third of governors were elected in districts and cities of regional importance, the Conception for the development of civil society in the Republic of Kazakhstan has been developed and approved by decree of the President for the 2006-2011 years, and the Action Plan of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan on deepening democratic reforms has been implemented in 2006. The State Commission completed a bill of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “About self-governing at local level in the Republic of Kazakhstan”, which has been submitted by the Government to the Parliament of the republic for consideration.
Movement forward to consolidated democracy was the primary objective in all suggested political transformations. Finally, political reforms must ensure the sustainable development of our country, creation of conditions to further economic progress, increase in the wealth of all Kazakhstani people.
A major outcome of the work of the State Commission is the development of suggestions on the directions of political reformation in the Republic of Kazakhstan. These are a result of the joint efforts and take into account opinions of different social political forces. Representatives of broad social strata, including deputies of the Parliament and Maslikhats, experts, scientists worked on this document.
As a result, the sides have achieved a unity of views on the principal issues of political modernization, a clear trajectory has been determined for the further democratic development of the republic. The work of the State Commission has demonstrated the consistency and stability in the democratic development of Kazakhstan.
In the nearest future political reforms will be targeted at strengthening the authority of representative organs of state power, forming the local self-government system, improving the judicial and law-enforcement systems, developing civil society and party system, perfecting the Constitution.
The Head of State supported suggestions made by the working group on allocating a quota in the Parliament for representatives of the Assembly of the Peoples of Kazakhstan, on strengthening the role of the Parliament in forming the Constitutional Council, Central Election Commission, and Counting Committee.
N.A. Nazarbaev has expressed a suggestion that in the future Kazakhstan’s Prime Minister will have to be supported by the party having a majority in the Parliament prior to their appointment to the post. The Head of State supported the real strengthening of the party factor in the work of the executive branch of state power, and also the necessity of financing political parties from the republican budget.
The Head of State has made a decision to form a working group, which will develop suggestions on making amendments to the Constitution of the country. The working group will include representatives of state organs, deputies, scientists-lawyers, specialists in the area of constitutional law.
Members of the State Commission on development and concretization of the program for democratic reforms, which delivered speeches at the sitting, noted the effectiveness of the conducted by the Commission work.
Bakhytzhan Zhumagulov, the head of the working group for forming local self-governing, said:
- It is possible to confidently say that the State Commission is evaluated by the society as an important stage in the modernization of the country, a unique precedent in the world practice, a round-table for detailed work on all issues of democratic development. The fact that the President of the country headed the State Commission not only gave a high status to it, but also supplied it with the mechanism of practical implementation of suggestions. The establishment of the five working groups, attraction of hundreds of scientists and experts were the foundation stone of the high level of the Commission’s work. Its work has become a real catalyst of political development and involved all the society.
Daria Klebanova, a member of the working group for developing civil society, said:
- The Commission has done a great deal of work over the last year, which resulted in a clear plan of concrete actions on further democratization in the political system of our country. The vast majority of the suggestions made by political parties, non-governmental organizations, Trade Unions Federation have been taken into account in the result document of the Commission. “Conception for further development of civil society for 2006-2011”, and also a program of its implementation have been already adopted at the moment. It is planned that the following laws: “About social work”, “About patronage of art and sponsorship”, “On making amendments and additions to the Code “About taxes and other compulsory payments” of the Republic of Kazakhstan will be adopted in 2007 in order to offer tax relief to non-commercial sector and entities doing sponsorship activities, and the law “About state social order” will be further improved.
Maksut Narikbaev, the head of the working group for improving the judicial and law-enforcement systems, said:
- Implementation of only seven suggestions included in the project of the Commission’s result document, which probably will make amendments to the Constitution, will allow significant improving the activities of the judicial and law-enforcement organs.
Alikhan Baimenov, the head of the working group for further implementation of the potential of the Constitution and determination of prospects to constitutional development in Kazakhstan, said:
- It is clear that the country’s sustainable competitiveness will depend, first of all, on the ability of the system to stimulate the creativeness and activity of all competitive entities in the economy, politics and other areas of human activities. Numerous meetings in regions have demonstrated that the work of the State Commission meets the expectations of the society. The fact that the Commission is chaired by the Head of State strengthens the belief that concrete measures on further democratization of the political system will be amongst the results of its work.